The philosophy of the ICARRE 95 project is largely inspired by the concept of circular economy.
Since the dawn of the industrialisation era, the economy has been characterised by a linear resource consumption method which boils down to extracting – manufacturing – discarding. Many businesses have become aware that this system increases their exposure to risk, from rising prices to stock shortages.
A circular economy is an industrial model that aspires to be “restorative” or “regenerative”. By definition, it targets waste disposal. Waste and the “end of life” concept no longer exist – technical products are designed and optimised with a view to reintegrating a cycle through dismantling and reuse. This closed loop based on components and products ultimately rejects the very notion of waste, even the notion of wastage and downcycling whereby induced energy and labour are lost.
The automotive industry is particularly well suited to the implementation of this concept, throughout its life cycle as illustrated by the diagram opposite: